Boris Nikolaevich Polevoy (or Polevoi) (Бори́с Никола́евич Полево́й) — born Boris Nikolaevich Kampov — was a Soviet writer. After working in a textile factory, Polevoy began a journalist career in 1928 and was chosen to be patronized by Maxim Gorky.
Polevoy is known for reporting on the atrocities at Auschwitz, which were the first to have been published in Pravda (Правда). His accounts were reportedly different from other descriptions. He reported for Pravda for several years while serving in the army.
Polevoy was a member of the Soviet Union Communist Party and served as a deputy to Supreme Soviet Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic. He was part of the youth magazine Yunost (Юность), the Union of Soviet Journalists, the Soviet Peace Committee, and Bureau World Peace Council.
His novels were very propagandistic and very popular and influential amongst Soviet readers. During his lifetime, Polevoy was named a Hero of Socialist Labor and awarded the Stalin Prize for literature, three Orders of Lenin, two Red Banners, the Red Star, and the Gold Medal of the World Peace Council.