Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German author and playwright. His works include novels, poetry, prose and verse dramas, memoirs, autobiography, criticism, and treatises, as well as many letters and drawings.
By the age of 25, Goethe was a literary celebrity due to the success of his novel The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774). He was ennobled in 1782 and was an early participant in the Sturm und Drang movement. Goethe had a hand in many of the political and administrative decisions in Weimar during his time there.
In 1791, he was made the managing director of the theatre at Weimar, and theatre is a subject he frequently touches on in his work. Faust is considered his most celebrated drama.